Xuân về non nước cao bằng

     

Celebrating Earth Heritage

Located in the northern and eastern districts of Cao Bang Province in Northeast Viet Nam, Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark covers a total area of 3,000 km2. Mountainous landforms cover approximately 90% of the land area, with elevations ranging from 1,500 to 2,000 m in the west-northwest lớn 200 m in the east-southeast. With a highland tropical monsoon climate & two distinct wet and dry seasons, the Geopark exhibits a rich biodiversity, with widespread forests, endemic faunas và floras, herbs, specialty crops etc. The region has a complex drainage network that includes 5 major river systems and 47 lakes.

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Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark is divided into two distinctive parts by the Cao Bang-Tien Yen deep-seated active fault. The eastern part of the Geopark is mostly composed of limestone. This demonstrates a complete tropical karst evolution cycle with various classic landforms e.g. Peak-cluster depressions, cones and towers, old & active caves with magnificent speleothems, closed và interconnected valleys, underground and surface rivers including a ‘turlough’ lake system, and one of the world’s largest waterfalls located on an international border. The western part features sedimentary rocks, pillow basalts, ultra-mafic and granitic intrusions rich in minerals và hydrothermal alterations. The area also reveals sedimentary rocks dating back more than 500 million years, with stratotype cross-sections, và fossils indicating different paleo-environments và biosphere extinction events. The diversity in rocks (stratigraphy, paleontology, paleoenvironment, petrology, mineralogy etc.) & landforms (tectonics, geomorphology, karst, weathering, soil erosion etc.) are evidence of the geodiversity of the area, each with its own characteristic of different evolutionary stages of the Earth’s crust.

Sustaining local Communities

Approximately 250,000 people live in Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark, 92% of which belong to lớn one of nine ethnic groups. The area is famous for its diversified ethnic cultural identity with outstanding traditions among ethnic groups, involving festivals, traditional crafts và folk arts. Regarded as a ‘Holy land’, it has been home to prehistoric people more than 20,000 years ago và used lớn be the capital of some feudal dynasties. In present history, it has become the cradle of Viet Nam’s revolution.

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Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark offers numerous outstanding historical & archaeological sites, và a rich cultural heritage of national & international significance, lending the Non nuoc Cao Bang area prominence in Viet Nam và providing a strong basis for the tourism industry as it attracts large numbers of domestic & international visitors. In addition, numerous international and national geosites, such as fossil sites, geological boundaries, mineral deposits and intrusive, volcanic and sedimentary rocks are well preserved. The geological heritage and biodiversity resulting from quality natural và geographical conditions has shaped the chất lượng culture of Non nuoc Cao Bang, revealed in the diverse cuisine, traditional costumes, rituals and way of living.

Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark and communities have long phối a strategy for sustainable socio-economic development, nature conservation & environmental protection, a holistic approach to lớn heritage values, while promoting geo-tourism & related services. To lớn ensure active & comprehensive local participation, the development plans of Non nuoc Cao Bang UNESCO Global Geopark focus particularly on stakeholder promotion, education & awareness raising. Due lớn its complex geology & diversified mineral resources, the area has long received considerable research interest.


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